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Surface Micro-Topography

Topography is a study of structure and features of the material surface. It ranges in macro, micro and nanometers. Topography covers the three-dimensional structure of the surface, and the identification of specific profile.
Topography has been applied to different application fields. For example, in neuroscience, or neuro-imaging, they use topography for brain mapping. In ophthalmology, they use topography for for mapping the surface curvature of the cornea. In material science, they use topography to indicate the patterns of the surface structure and pattern in which various values (or their values) are distributed in 3D, and those values are often referred to as roughness Ra, Rq and Rz.
Micro-topography of material surface becomes an increasingly important parameter for defining surface properties, machining process quality and functional correlation to the others. It is a key parameter of a product’s quality, which affects the product’s overall
performance. The height values (oftenly refers to the valleys and peaks) of the surface determines many functional features, eg. abrasion resistance, adhesion, etc. Furthermore, the analysis of wear or abrasion rate after the mechanical tests is also needed to evaluate the quality of surface coatings. Therefore, an accurate measurement and documentation of the surface profile helps to make the right decision for the quality control.
TRACEiT ® , TRISCAN® & Optotop® is a testing instrument which measures the surface profile in a non-contact fashion. The highly accurate measurement of the 3D topography Kilometer Meter Centimeter Micro/Nanometer makes it widely used in R&D for new materials development as well as in the quality control of manufacturing processes.

Parameters which can be measured include:
• Roughness
• 3D Topography/Mapping
• Macro & micro geometries
• Light intensity
• Porosity
• Effective contact area ratio